Editor’s Note: Guest author Ronald Dahrs runs Forscale, an IT and project management company based in the Netherlands. -- Arun Nagarajan
Google Apps is well-suited for project management because it’s a cloud-based productivity suite that helps you and your team connect and get work done from anywhere on any device. Using Google Apps Script, we can push the capabilities even further to create advanced scheduling and management tools. A common tool in project management circles is the Gantt chart: a schedule of the tasks in the project and how they relate to each other over time.
The spreadsheet that generated that Gantt chart is available in the template gallery today. In this post, we’ll explore the basics of how the template works and explain a few of the Apps Script techniques that transform Google Sheets into such a powerful project management tool.
When you open the template, you’ll see stubs for each type of task, but the screenshot above shows an example of a slightly larger project plan — in fact, the same data used to generate the Gantt chart below.
The template’s sophisticated formulas rely on the structure of the table to enable schedule awareness and task dependencies. However, we still ensure that the user can rename, rearrange, or add columns by using a hidden header to identify each column. This diagram demonstrates the spreadsheet’s structure:
We have also used Apps Script’s addMenu() method to build a custom menu that calls row-oriented functions like indenting tasks to get a so-called Work Breakdown Structure with summary tasks. If you just want to see an overview, the custom menu allows you to collapse tasks, which we accomplished through the hideRows() method.
For changes that do not trigger an onEdit() event (for example, clearing a row), the user can use the menu’s Refresh command to recalculate the schedule.
The template stores user preferences as Script Properties and offers an interactive user interface built in UiApp to change those settings:
Finally, to render the Gantt chart, we use cell background colors to visually group and highlight the appropriate cells. This creates the effect of a continuous calendar with clearly visible start and finish dates for each task.
var ganttColors = ganttRange.getBackgroundColors();
var ganttValues = ganttRange.getValues();
// update Gantt colors and values